This monograph contains a critical evaluation of the present
research state within political methodology and a
classification of the current discussion into a methodological
development lasting over two millennia, furthermore some suggestions
for the future development of political methodology.
The focus is on the dispute known as “Methodenstreit.” Its
beginnings date back to the 19th century, and at the beginning of the 21st
century it can justifiably be called a “methodological science war”.
Firstly, an ad fontes reconstruction by means of methodical books
and classic literature of naturalism, positivism or scientism
is undertaken, demonstrating that this is not an issue of the mainstream
but of the establishment. Afterwards, the opposite opinion is presented,
using the example of the phronetic Perestroikans who undertook a last
great rebellion against the establishment.
The limits of applied methodologies are presented in detail, of the
scientistic (normative rational choice theory) as well as the phronetic
(applied phronesis) kind. Furthermore, a case is made for the necessity
for a genuinely practical (normative, pragmatic and technical)
methodology complementary to an empirical (descriptive,
explanatory and prognostic) one.