This monograph contains a critical evaluation of the present
research state within political methodology and a
classification of the current discussion into a methodological
development that has bin ongoing over two millennia. It furthermore
offers some suggestions
for the future development of political methodology.
The focus is on the dispute known as “Methodenstreit”. Its
beginnings date back to the 19th century, and at the beginning of the 21st
century it can justifiably be called a “methodological science war”.
Firstly, an ad fontes reconstruction of naturalism, positivism or scientism
is undertaken by means of methodical books and classic literature, demonstrating that
the issue lies not with the mainstream
but with the establishment. Then, the opposite view is presented,
using the example of the phronetic perestroikans, who undertook the last
great rebellion against the establishment.
The limits of applied methodologies are identified, both of the
scientistic (normative rational choice theory) as well as the phronetic
kind (applied phronesis) . Furthermore, a case is made for the need
for a genuinely practical (normative, pragmatic and technical)
methodology that is complementary to an empirical (descriptive,
explanatory and prognostic) one.
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